Written by Staff Writer
At the United Nations Climate Conference in Katowice, Poland, Brazil will present its Climate Action Plan for the climate negotiations. The plan is the product of two years of work by civil society and private companies such as Nike, Google, and Amazonas, the national electric utility company, among others. The framework outlines measures aimed at mitigating climate change, conducting research, improving the management of natural resources, and reducing deforestation. Brazil will need to deliver results at the round-table to be held in Katowice.
In August 2016, Brazil launched a groundbreaking blueprint for a more sustainable country. The set of policies and actions are designed to put Brazil in compliance with its Article 4 in the Paris Agreement, the legal commitment to reduce emissions. They offer guidelines that are strongly supported by the business community, from state governments, indigenous peoples, producers, technology and urban planners. They are further driven by the desire to attract business investment from large companies such as Siemens and BP.
According to the World Resources Institute’s analysis, “Brazilian plans may enable greater reductions of emissions than other countries, if held to its commitments.” However, the government’s efforts will ultimately fail to reduce emissions by their target levels.
In response to questions about the government’s past performance, Brazil’s Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs were unable to respond. Only nine% of the plans that were delivered as a result of the NGO CoE’s reporting on Brazil’s climate action plan, made in February 2017, were fully fulfilled.